Why do they happen?

Cataracts are a common occurrence, usually found in people over the age of 65. They represent changes in the lens of your eye. Because of these changes, light has a harder time passing through your eye and vision loss occurs.

Different types

There are multiple forms of cataracts you could possess. Age-related cataracts are, as the name suggests, developed as you age. There are also congenital, secondary and traumatic cataract conditions. However, no matter which you have, surgery is your only option to reverse the damage.

Let us help

If you are experiencing cloudy or fuzzy vision and a sensitivity to glare, you could have cataracts in your eyes. There is only one option for cataract treatment: surgery. If you think you may have cataracts, come in to see us for an eye exam. We can diagnosis you and refer you to a trusted eye surgeon in San Antonio, TX.

Cataract

 Your eye works a lot like a camera. Light rays focus through your lens onto the retina at the back of the eye. The retina allows the image to be seen by the brain.

Over time, the lens of our eye can become cloudy, preventing light rays from passing clearly through the lens. The loss of transparency may be so mild that vision is barely affected, or it can be so severe that no shapes or movements are seen-only light and dark. When the lens becomes cloudy enough to obstruct vision to any significant degree, it is called a cataract. Eyeglasses or contact lenses can usually correct slight refractive errors caused by early cataracts, but they cannot sharpen your vision if a severe cataract is present.

 The most common cause of cataract is aging. Other causes include trauma, medications such as steroids, systemic diseases such as diabetes, and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. Occasionally, babies are born with a cataract. Cataracts typically develop slowly and progressively, causing a gradual and painless decrease in vision. Other changes you might experience include blurry vision; glare, particularly at night; frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription; a decrease in color intensity; a yellowing of images; and in rare cases, double vision.

 Reducing your exposure to ultraviolet light by wearing sunglasses may reduce your risk for developing a cataract, but once developed, there is no cure except to have the cataract surgically removed when it has matured.

With a routine, outpatient surgical procedure, an ophthalmologist can remove the cataract. Usually, a synthetic Intraocular Lenses (IOL) is inserted at the time of cataract extraction to replace the focusing power of the natural lens. IOLs can be mono-vision (fixed-focus for a preset distance) or multifocal, which allows focused vision at many distances. The time to have cataract surgery is when the cataract is affecting your vision enough to interfere with your normal lifestyle. Cataract surgery is a very successful operation. As with any surgical procedure, complications can occur during or after surgery, and some are severe enough to limit vision. But in most cases, vision, as well as quality of life, improves.

Call us at 210-826-1720 to schedule a comprehensive eye exam or cataract consultation and referral.